2010年12月16日星期四

食物的普林含量表

食物的普林含量表 (List of purine content in foods)
單位: 毫克 / 100 公克食物 (Unit: mg/per 100g of food)

肉類及內臟 Meat & internal organs :
小牛頸胸腺Calf, Neck sweetbread1260
牛肝Ox, Liver554
小牛肝Calf, Liver460
牛脾臟Ox, Spleen444
牛肺Ox, Lung  (lights)399
小牛脾臟Calf, Spleen343
牛腎Ox, Kidney269
牛心Ox, Heart256
小牛腎Calf, Kidney218
小牛肌肉Veal, muscles only172
牛舌Ox, Tongue160
帶骨小牛腳,頸Veal, leg, neck with bone150
小牛肺Calf, Lung147
小牛肉片Veal, fillet140
小牛肩肉Veal, shoulder140
帶骨小牛排Veal chop, cutlet with bone140
牛肌肉Beef, muscles only133
牛肩肉Beef, chuck120
牛肋骨Beef, fore rib, entrecote120
烤牛上腰肉Beef, roast beef, sirloin110
牛肩肉Beef, shoulder110
牛肉片Beef, fillet110
小牛腦Calf, Brain92
牛肚Ox, Tripe80
牛腦Ox, Brain75
午餐肉(罐頭)Meat, luncheon70
德式醃牛肉Beef, corned (German)57
雞肝Chicken, Liver 243
雞胸帶皮Chicken, Breast with skin175
雞腸Chicken, Intestine163
水煮雞肉Chicken, boiling fowl159
帶皮幼火雞Turkey, young animal, with skin150
雞腿肉Chicken meat, leg140
雞肫Chicken, Gizzard138
雞胸肉Chicken, Meat, breast137
雞心Chicken, Heart125
烤雞Chicken (for roasting)115
帶皮無骨雞腿Chicken, leg with skin, without bone110
鴨肝Duck, Liver301
鴨心Duck, Heart147
鴨(混合肉)Duck, mixed meat138
鴨肫Duck, Gizzard137
鴨腸Duck, Intestine121
Goose, Meat165
豬心Pig's heart530
豬脾臟Pig's spleen516
豬肝Pig's liver515
豬肺Pig's lungs (lights)434
豬腎Pig's kidney334
豬小腸Pig, Small intestine262
豬肌肉Pork muscles only166
豬後腿Pig, hind leg160
帶皮豬肩帶肉Pig, shoulder with skin150
豬肉片Pork fillet150
帶骨豬排Pork chop with bone145
豬肩肉Pork chuck140
豬舌Pig's tongue136
豬肚Pig, Tripe132
乾生豬肚Pork belly, raw, dried127
豬瘦肉Pork, Lean meat122
豬後大腿骨Pig,  hip bone (hind leg)120
豬腦Pig, brain83
豬大腸Pig, Large intestine70
豬皮Pig, Skin30
豬血Pig, Blood11.8
羊脾臟Sheep, Spleen 773
羊心Sheep, Heart241
羊肌肉Lamb (muscles only)182
羊肉Mutton111
馬肉Horse meat200
帶骨兔肉Rabbit meat, average with bone132
兔肉Rabbit/Hare (average)105
鹿腿肉Venison, haunch (leg)138
鹿背肉Venison, back105
肝醬香腸Sausage, liver165
熟火腿Ham, cooked131
香腸 (德式薩個杜斯特)Sausage, "Jagdwurst"112
香腸 (德式薩拉米)Sausage, salami, German104
香腸 (豬, 煎炸)Sausages, frying, from pork101
香腸 (小牛, 煎炸)Sausages, frying, from veal91
熱狗Hot dog, Frankfurter sausages89
香腸 (一般德奧式)Sausage, German, Vienna78

蛋類 Eggs :
皮蛋黃Egg yolk, Thousand-year6.6
雞蛋白Egg white, chicken3.7
鴨蛋白Egg white, duck3.4
鴨蛋黃Egg yolk, duck3.2
雞蛋黃Egg yolk, chicken2.6
皮蛋白Egg white, Thousand-year2.0

海鮮類 Seafood :
白帶魚皮Fish skin, Largehead hairtail3509
小魚干Smelt, dried1539
燻小鯡魚Sprat, smoked804
烏魚皮Fish skin, Common mullet557
油醃沙丁魚Sardines in oil480
Mactra, Chinese436
白帶魚Fish, Largehead hairtail392
干貝乾Scallop, dried390
扁魚干Fish, Plaice, dried367
南歐沙丁Sardine, pilchard fish345
蛤蜊Clam, salt water316
鱒魚Fish, trout297
油醃鮪魚Fish, Tuna in oil290
鮪魚Fish, Tuna257
嘉臘魚Fish, Red seabream247
紅魚Fish, Redfish (ocean perch)241
小海魚Fish, Anchovy239
牡蠣Oyster239
白鯧魚Fish, Silver pomfret238
小管(小卷)Squid, calamari226
醃幼鯡魚Fish, Herring, Matje cured219
四破魚Fish, Mackerel scad218
大西洋鯡魚Fish, Herring, Atlantic210
鰱魚Fish, Silver carp202
吳郭魚Fish, Tilapia199
鯡魚卵Fish, Herring roe190
烏魚Fish, Common mullet183
虱目魚Fish, Milk180
大比目魚Fish, Halibut178
鮭魚Fish, salmon170
鯊魚Shark167
黑鱈Fish, Saithe (coalfish)163
草蝦Prawn, Tiger162
鯉魚Fish, Carp160
海鰻Fish, Conger eel160
棕蝦Shrimp, brown147
土魠魚Fish, Mackerel145
魚子醬Caviar144
紅魽Fish, Purplish amberjack141
黑鯧魚Fish, Chinese pampus141
草魚Fish, Grass carp140
梭子魚Fish, Pike140
黑線鱈魚Fish, Haddock139
Shrimp138
干貝Scallop136
秋刀魚Fish, Pacific saury (Sanma)135
舌鰈魚Fish, Sole131
龍蝦Lobster118
蜆子Clam, fresh water,(corbicula)114
鰻魚Fish, Eel113
鮑魚Shellfish, Abalone112
貽貝Shellfish, Mussel112
魚翅Shark fins111
旗魚Fish, Sword110
鱈魚Fish, Cod109
鰈魚(扁魚)Fish, Plaice93
鱔魚Fish, Rice field eel93
烏賊Cuttlefish90
螃蟹Crab82
燻鰻魚Fish, eel (smoked)78
鯊魚皮Shark skin73
魚丸Fish ball63
螯蝦Crayfish60
海蜇皮Jellyfish (salted)9
海參Sea cucumber4

蔬菜類 Vegetables :
牛肝菌菇(乾燥)Mushroom, edible Boletus, dried488
紫菜(海藻)Seaweed274
香菇(乾燥)Mushroom, Shitake, dried215
銀耳Jelly fungi99
昆布Kelp97
草菇Mushroom, cep92
花椰菜Broccoli81
黃豆芽Bean sprouts, Soya80
朝鮮薊Artichoke78
Leek74
黑婆羅門參Grass, Viper's (black salsify)71
球芽甘藍菜Brussel sprouts69
韮菜Chives67
金針Day lily61
蘑菇Mushroom58
菠菜Spinach57
青椒Pepper, green55
筍干Bamboo shoots, dried53.6
白花椰菜Cauliflower51
鮑魚菇Mushroom, oyster50
羽衣甘藍Kale green48
金瓜Pumpkin44
高麗菜Cabbage37
九層塔Basil, sweet33.9
茼蒿菜Crowndaisy chrysanthemum33.4
枸杞Rangoon creeper31.7
青江菜Mustard, Chinese30.2
塊根芹Celeriac30
罐頭菇Mushroom, canned, solid, liquid29
竹筍Bamboo shoots29
醃綠橄欖Olive, green, marinated29
鮑魚菇Mushroom, Oyster26.7
韭菜Chive, Chinese25
結頭菜Kohlrabi25
雪裡紅Leaf Mustard, pickled24.4
莧菜Amaranth, Edible23
籚筍Asparagus23
白高麗菜Cabbage, white22
Egg plant21
山東白菜Cabbage, Chinese21
香菜(芫荽)Coriander20
韭菜花Chive, Chinese, flowers19.5
甜菜根Beet root19
牛油果Avocado19
芥藍菜Broccoli, Chinese18.5
帶皮熟馬玲薯Potato, cooked with skin18
空心菜(甕菜)water convoevueus17.5
紅醋栗Currant, red17
紅籮蔔Carrot17
苦苣Endive17
韭黃Chive, Chinese, unexposed
to sun light
17
馬玲薯Potato16
蘿蔔Radish, white15
豆芽菜Mung bean, sprouts14.6
辣椒Pepper, hot14.2
洋蔥Onion13
Green onion13
萵苣Lettuce13
芥菜Leaf Mustard12.4
捲心白菜Cabbage, Celery12.4
菊苣Chicory12
絲瓜Smooth luffa11.4
苦瓜Bitter melon11.3
番茄Tomato11
蘿蔔干Radish, white, dried11
榨菜Mustard, root, pickled10.2
芋頭Taros10
木耳Mushroom, Ear8.8
蒜頭Garlic8.7
芹菜Celery8.7
鹽酸菜Mustard, leaves & leaves, pickled8.6
小蕃茄Tomato, little7.6
刺瓜Cucumber7.3
葫蘆Gourd7.2
Ginger5.3
冬瓜Waxgourd, Chinese2.8
荸薺Water chestnut, Chinese2.6
甘薯Potato, sweet2.4

豆類 Beans:
米豆;豇豆Bean, black-eyed(cowpea)230
綠豆(乾燥)Black gram (mung bean), seed, dried222
黃豆(乾燥)Bean, Soya, seed, dried190
黃豆Bean, Soya166.5
黑豆Bean, black turtle137.4
白豆(乾燥)Bean, white, dry128
扁豆(乾燥)Lentil,  seed, dry127
雞豆(乾燥)Pea, chick (garbanzo), seed, dry109
豌豆(乾燥)Pea, seed, dry95
豌豆筴和仁Pea, pod and seed, green84
豆腐Tofu68
豆干Soybean curd66.6
菜豆Bean, Yard-long58.2
花豆Bean, Pinto57.0
紅豆Bean, red, small53.2
味噌Soybean paste34.3
皇帝豆Bean, Lima32.3
四季豆Bean29.7
醬油Soy sauce25
冬粉Noodle, Mung bean powder7.8

水果類 Fruits :
葡萄乾Grape, dried, raisin107
龍眼干Longan, dried86
黑棗Jujube, black82
Apricot73
無花果乾Fig, dried64
李子乾Plum, dried64
紅棗Date, red60
香蕉Banana57
蕃石榴Guava48
棗乾Date, dried35
檸檬Lime34
哈蜜瓜Melon, Cantelope33
葡萄Grape27
Plum24
藍莓blueberry22
Peach21
草莓Strawberry21
芒果Mango20
橘子Tangerine20
奇異果Kiwi fruit19
柳丁Orange19
鳳梨Pineapple19
覆盆子Raspberry18
櫻桃Cherry17
木瓜Papaya16
蓮霧Bell fruit15
楊桃Star fruit14
蘋果Apple14
枇杷Loquat13
桃子Peach13
Pear12
西瓜Watermelon11

榖物, 麵, 堅果類 Nuts, breads, grains:
罌粟籽(乾燥)Seeds, Poppy, dried170
葵瓜子(乾燥)Seeds, Sunflower, dried143
亞麻子Seeds, Linseed105
花生Peanut95.3
白芝麻Seeds, Sesame, white89.5
腰果Nuts, Cashew80.5
黑芝麻Seeds, Sesame, black57
蓮子Seeds, Lotus40.9
杏仁Nuts, Almond37
榛果仁Nuts, hazelnut (cobnut)37
栗子Nuts, chestnut34.6
胡桃仁Nuts, Walnut25
瓜子Seeds, watermelon24.2
巴西堅果Nuts, Brazil23
無殼全大麥Barley without husk, whole grain96
無殼全燕麥Oats, without husk, whole grain94
裸麥脆餅Crispbread, rye60
米糠Rice bran54
甜玉米Corn, sweet52
全麥Wheat, whole grain51
全裸麥Rye, whole grain51
含蛋義大利麵Pasta made with egg40
麵包捲Rolls, bread21
糙米Rice, brown22.4
麵線Noodle, flour, thin19.8
白米Rice, white18.4
糯米Rice, sweet17.7
麵粉Flour17.1
白麵包Bread, wheat (flour)14
米粉Noodle, rice11.1
高梁Sorghum9.7
小米Millet7.3
樹薯粉Cassava powder6


其他 Miscellaneous:
可可鹼Theobromine2300
製酒酵母Yeast, Brewer's1810
麵包酵母Yeast, Baker's680
不含可可鹼的可可粉Cocoa powder, not including theobromine71
黑布丁Pudding, black55
酪蛋白Casein47.0
乳酪Cheese32
咖啡Coffee25
巧克力Chocolate25
奶粉Powder, milk15.7
啤酒Beer14
卡特基乳酪Cheese, cottage9.4
優酪乳Yogurt8.1
無酒精啤酒Beer, alcohol free8.1
冬瓜糖Waxgourd, sugared7.1
切達乳酪Cheese, Cheddar6
蕃茄醬Tomato catsup3.0
蜂蜜Honey1.2

[資料來源 References ]

*Shmuel Halevi. Gout and Purine content in foods. http://www.acumedico.com/

*何威德. 國產食物中核酸含量及其鹼基組成的研究。

2 則留言:

  1. how accurate is this information, i hope it's good for daily general use

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  2. The values of most popular items are average from many sources that are from western countries and Japan due to varied testing methods. The original values could range from 5 to 15 %. For some Chinese food items I had seen only one source, therefor I cannot tell how accurate they are. But for most items or groups their values have been seen all the time for years, they are still being published within same familiar ranges, thus they should be good for general reference. Most people use multiples of 50 or 100 to set reference goals, say below 100 is okay or above 200 is high depending on individual uric acid level. Please also refer to my other aricle "Gout and Uric Acid". Thanks.

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